The body is able to make carnitine from the amino acid lysine and methionine. It is a very important chemical in our body as it allows energy to be extracted from fats.
Carnitine is needed to keep the cell's mitochondria working properly. The mitochondria is a structure found in cells that creates all the energy they need. This could explain why it is so vital to the heart and brain cells.
Clinical studies show that it can reduce irregular heart beat, angina symptoms and treat congestive heart failure.
chronic fatigue syndrome, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), high triglycerides (a type of cholesterol), sprains and strains from vigorous exercises, memory problems, dementia and in attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
As for improving athletic performance, one well-designed study showed that it did not help improve performance or recovery time in well-trained athletes.
Updated: March 3, 2010