Prostate Cancer Warning Signs

What are some warning signs of prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is the leading cancer in men in the United States.

It often appears slowly over time making the appearance of warning signs easy to miss.

The earlier you discover the signs and symptoms of prostate cancer, the quicker treatment is started and the better chance you have of a complete cure.

Prostate cancer is known to spread (metastasize) to lymph nodes, bones and the lungs thus causing cancerous growth in those organs as well.

Prostate Cancer Warning Signs

What are they? Many cases of prostate cancer don't show any early warning signs.

Indeed, some men discover they have prostate problems during regular physical examination by their family doctor.

Some general signs and symptoms of prostate cancer may include:

  • blood in urine
  • frequent urination during the night
  • difficulty starting and stopping urination
  • weak urine stream
  • unable to urinate
  • pain during ejaculation
  • chronic low-grade bone pain in the lower back or thighs

Notice that many of these signs and symptoms are similar to men suffering from an enlarged prostate gland.

Are There Any Earlier Prostate Cancer Warning Signs?

Unfortunately there are none that are specific enough to be useful.

However there are risk factors that do increase your chance of developing prostate cancer.

They include the following:

  • over the age of 55 years old
  • highest risk starts at 65 years old (over 80%)
  • diet high in animal fats
  • high blood levels of testosterone
  • race (African-Americans have the highest rate)
  • exposure to environmental toxins at work (for example cadmium)

Invariably, there are no guarantees. You can do all the right things to cut all your risks down and you still may get prostate cancer.

What Can I Do for an Earlier Detection of Possible Prostate Cancer?

A regular checkup with your family doctor is the best way as potential prostate cancer growths may be detected earlier using the following tests.

Tests The procedure and what are the warning signs
PSA Levels A blood test can be done to measure the prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Prostate cancer cells make a lot of this and a high PSA reading is an early sign of possible prostate cancer.
  
Digital Rectal Exam (DRE)
Your doctor can use a gloved finger to enter into your rectum to feel the prostate gland for any unusual lumps.

This is an uncomfortable (but not painful) procedure that can be done in the doctor's office.
 
Biopsy If there is evidence to suggest possible prostate cancer, doctors can use a needle inserted into the prostate gland (often at several locations) to extract some cells for analysis. This is a surgical procedure usually done under local anesthetic in a surgical clinic or hospital.

This is the definitive way to confirm the presence of prostate cancer.

Gleason system - A scale of 1 to 10 indicates how fast the cancer cells grow. 1 is the slowest and 10 indicates a very fast growing tumour.

Staging - A scale of I to IV indicates the extent of the spread of the cancer cells. Stage I indicates the cancer has not spread to any other organs (very good news indeed). Stage IV means the prostate cancer has spread to other body organs.
 
Ultrasound A painless ultrasound procedure can be done to see the general structure of the prostate glands and to detect possible abnormal prostate tissues.
 

Bottom Line

What should you do about any warning signs if they should show up?

Don't ignore them. Get a checkup done by your family doctor.

Any form of signs or symptoms must not be ignored or treatment may be delayed.

The earlier prostate cancer is detected and treated, the better chance of a complete cure.

If you are over the age of 55, annual checkups with your family doctor for early detection of prostate cancer is a must, even if you don't have any signs or symptoms.

The artitle Introduction to Prostate Cancer provides answers to frequently asked questions about this growing health problem.

Are you looking for natural remedies to help with reducing the risk of prostate cancer? If so, our article Natural Supplements for Prostate Cancer is what you are looking for.

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References for Prostate Cancer Warning Signs

April 6, 2013

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