Taurine

One of the main use of taurine is to enhance athletic performance and to reduce fatigue.

It is clinical shown to also enhance endurance.

Indeed, clinical studies do confirm the performance enhancing benefits of drinks such as Red Bull, Rock Star and Monster Energy.

In two words: It works.

Scientists are continuing their search to see how it might be helpful in treating heart disease.

As a precaution, avoid taking too much energy drinks.

They also contains large amounts of caffeine and you can get unwanted side effects from an overdose of caffeine.

Evidence of Benefits for Taurine

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leaf logo plant natural remedies herb herbal Hepatitis (Inflammation of the Liver)
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Suggested Benefits and Traditional Uses

Facts and Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is taurine?

Also known as L-taurine, it is an amino-acid like substance.

Although many people call it an amino acid, it is technically not an amino acid.

It is used by our body to build amino acids, for making bile (found in the intestine to help digest fat) and for regulating the levels of minerals such as calcium, potassium, sodium and magnesium.

As well, it is essential for regulating the heart beat and to help with protecting the brain cells from the lack of oxygen.

It also shows antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits as well.

Where does taurine come from?

L-taurine is found naturally in foods such meat, seafood, eggs and milk. It is chemically made for use as a supplement as well as for manufacturing pet (dogs and cat) foods.

Where is taurine found in our body?

L-taurine can be found in large quantity in skeletal muscle, heart muscle and the central nervous system. It is also found in human breast milk.

What are the proven health benefits in humans of taking taurine?

Clinical studies showed that L-taurine improved heart function in those suffering from congestive heart failure (CHF) and improved the function of the liver in those suffering from hepatitis.

As well experts have shown that it seems to lower blood pressure and bring down high cholesterol in some people. It's also been studied to see it helps those suffering from cystic fibrosis, hepatitis, epilepsy and anxiety but the results only show modest benefits.

What can cause taurine deficiency in our body?

Our body can make the necessary amount of L-taurine from the amino acid cysteine. However, health conditions such as alcoholism, heart disease, stress and diabetes and zinc deficiency can cause the body to loose more of it in the urine.

Does taking taurine gives you energy?

Clinical studies show that taking L-taurine and caffeine (both found in energy drinks like Red Bull) seem to improve physical and mental performance.

In one study done in mice fed with taurine and caffeine, the mice showed enhanced endurance over a 2 week period. It also reduced the accumulation of lactic acid. Another study in mouse showed that this supplement increases the contraction power of the muscle.

How much taurine is usually found in energy drinks?

AMP Energy drink contains the lowest amount of taurine compared to all the others. If it's taurine that provides the energy boost, then this drink won't help.

It's got only 14.2 mg of taurine, the lowest of all five. The Five Hour Energy drink (or more like a shooter!) does not disclose the exact amount the ingredients in their "energy blend".

Energy Drinks Taurine Caffeine
Red Bull (250 mL) 1,000 mg 80 mg
Rock Star (473 mL) 2,000 mg 160 mg
Monster Energy (473 mL) 2,000 mg 164 mg
AMP Energy (473 mL) 14.2 mg (lowest) 142 mg
Five Hour Energy (59 mL) Listed as "energy blend" - 1,870 mg of taurine, caffeine and several others ingredients.

Side Effects, Toxicity and Warnings

What are some side effects of taking taurine?

Research studies did not show any side effects or presented any dangers. It is considered to be very safe to use even in high doses. It has been safely used in children with no reports of problems.

Warning - Avoid excessive consumption of energy drinks

Although a high dose of L-taurine is safe, most energy drinks also contain large amounts of caffeine. Drinking too much of these can cause you to overdose on caffeine.

This may cause tremors, insomnia, stomach discomfort, fast heart beat (tachycardia), excessive urination, nervousness and agitation.

Dosage & How to Take It

Experts estimate that a typical person gets about 50 to 200 mg daily in their diet.

Dose of 2 to 6 gram have been typically used.

One of the main use of taurine is to enhance athletic performance and to reduce fatigue.

Clinical studies did confirm the performance enhancing benefits of drinks such as Red Bull, Rock Star and Monster Energy.

As a precaution, avoid taking too much energy drinks.

They also contains large amounts of caffeine and you can get unwanted side effects from an overdose of caffeine.

Dose of 4 grams taken three times daily have been used for 6 weeks to treat hepatitis.

Related articles to the Health Benefits of Taurine

Caffeine for Energy and Alertness

 

Return to Natural Remedies List

References for the Health Benefits of Taurine

Revised: 19.04.2014

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